Element Tree Care are professional tree surgeons offering a full range of tree services to our commercial domestic clients, below is a list of the Tree Work that we carry out on a day to day basis.
It is always sad to see any tree removed as they are all a vital part of our ecosystem and our very existence. However when a tree does need to be removed, whether it is diseased, dangerous, or has simply out grown its position, it is important that it is removed in the safest way possible to avoid injury to people or damage to property. Any form of tree work should be carried out by an operative who has the qualifications and insurance to do so.
Below are five stategies that we can use to remove a tree. If you would like to read more about this then please go to our tree removal page.
Crown reduction and shaping is performed in order to make the size of the tree smaller whilst retaining the aesthetic shape of the tree. To read more please go to our information page on Reduction and Shaping of a tree`s crown.
Crown thinning is exactly as the title suggests. Often the canopies of trees can get very congested and block out light, especially in domestic gardens. By removing selected branches from within the canopy, light can then pass more readily though the canopy. A crown thin is more commonly measured as a percentage. A crown thin of 20% would thin the canopy by 1/5 or one in every five branches would be removed in order to get an even thin.
Crown thinning is often a good option rather than a reduction if light is an issue in a small garden. Reducing the size of a tree canopy will reduce the shading of a tree, however the benefit of this in smaller gardens is often seen only in neighbouring gardens due to the shadow casting from the sun.
Thinning can be a preferred way to reduce the wind-loading of a canopy if there are concerns over safety in high winds. By thinning the tree the wind can pass through the canopy more easily rather than hitting it creating what is known as the 'wind throw affect'.
Thinning is often used in fruit tree pruning to avoid pests and diseases affecting the fruit. Having a more open canopy means that dark damp environments (ideal for pests and diseases such as woolley aphid and scale) are reduced, making for healthier fruit production.
Only certain species of tree will respond well to being pollarded. These include willow, poplar, lime, London plane and acacia. Pollarding is a process whereby all of the growth of the tree is removed leaving just the main stem structure. The canopy then re shoots from the main stem points before the process is then repeated again. It is a way of maintaining control of large trees without compromising the health of the tree. It is often seen on street trees in towns and cities and on riverside trees.
The process can also be adopted on garden trees where the canopies have out grown the size of the garden. Although the process initially looks quite brutal, if carried out on appropriate species the canopy will re grow during the same season meaning that the tree is not bare for long.
Once the process of pollarding has been completed it should be repeated over a period of time to keep the tree in the best condition and avoid compromising the structural integrity of the branch unions at the main pollard points.
Coppicing is most commonly carried out in woodlands whereby the entire tree is removed to a stump to allow for new growth to generate. This process is repeated over a period of time. The same process can be used on certain garden trees to keep the tree smaller or to promote multiple stems.
Fruit trees need pruning to help keep fruit healthy and constant. Different fruit trees need pruning in different ways and at different times of the year. Apple trees often need thinning to keep the canopy open and disease free. If apple trees become congested woolly aphid and scale can develop and poor fruit is produced as a result. Both apple and pear trees need pruning to keep the size of the tree under control, and annual water shoots need to be removed to help keep the canopy clean and open. As a general rule apples and pears grow on two year old growth. Apples are more likely to develop on horizontal branches, whereas pears more commonly grow on vertical branches so this can affect the way in which a tree is pruned, if fruit production is important. Apart from stoned fruit, most fruit trees can be pruned all year round depending on what is being done to them. Heavy pruning is best left to the dormant season in winter whereas light pruning can be carried out in the summer. Any stoned fruit such as plums, cherries or peaches should not be pruned in winter as there is a high risk of silver leaf disease infection.
Hedges whether on agricultural boundaries, or in domestic gardens all need regular maintenance to keep them in good shape and to prevent them from getting overgrown. Some species such as privet need to be trimmed several times a year, whilst others require less frequent attention. Trimming a hedge involves the removal of annual growth from the top and sides of the hedge to reform a tight shape.
When hedges have been left unmaintained for several years they require more than just trimming to reform the shape. This is known as a hedge reduction, whereby the height and width of a hedge is reduced substantially. The success of a reduction is down to the species of the hedge and also the severity of the reduction. Some species respond well to heavy reductions such as Laurel, where others will struggle to reform if reduced too much.