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Shaggy Scalycap Fungus

Scientific name: Pholiota Squarrosa

Common name: Shaggy Scalycap

Type of decay: White rot

Family: Strophariaceae


An annual toadstool that appears around the roots and stem base of broadleaf and conifer trees. The toadstools are present from September- November. The cap of the toadstool is round and yellow-brown with upturned brown scales. When young the underside of the cap is light brown, turning darker with age. The gills begin light in colour becoming darker brown. The stem and cap are tough with a distinctive scent. Spore powder is red-brown.

Effects of fungus on tree:

The white rot caused by this fungus causes the decay of the roots and stem making the wood become soft. Windthrow is a risk after root rot and severance. The wood may initially become brittle leading to brittle fractures. The wood will eventually become soft leading to ductile fracture.

Hosts: Beech, ash and other broadleaved species. Less commonly found on conifers.

Fig.1 & Fig.2 – Young toadstools emerging already with scaly appearance.

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